His name is Sanusi, this man who was born 77 years ago settled in the city of Surakarta, Central Java. Wrinkles on his face signified wisdom in acting and thinking that was increasingly tested in his age range. Although at present his eyesight is inseparable from the support of glasses, the look in his eyes still vibrant in transmitting positive spirits. Sanusi even still proudly rides his reliable antique motorcycle, traveling from house to house visiting those who are victims of gross violations of Human Rights (HAM) in 1965.
Sanusi’s father, Sutopo was a rebel who was put on trial by the Dutch East Indies colonial regime and sentenced to exile to Bumi Serambi Mekkah in the northern tip of Sumatra. A sad ‘coincidence’ when Sanusi also experienced the same thing as his father.
By the New Order regime, Sanusi was sentenced to detention in various places for eight years.
The difference is, he had never put on trial like his father before. He was not treated fairly by his own people. He was accused of being a child of the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI).
He considers the eight-year sentence to be a period of “education”. As a civil servant of the Indonesian Air Force (AURI) at that time, he began his education in 1970 at the Air Force Police Department. Sanusi, who was labeled as a subversive group, often witnessed and even experienced violence. He witnessed how someone actually gets the pleasure of torturing his own countrymen. It was this period of education that shaped his current personality.
If education graduates get a degree and diploma, it is different with the “education” version experienced by Sanusi. He gets an inherent stigma and discrimination even after he accomplished the ‘punishment’.
The “diploma” he received was a National Identity Card (KTP) with a special stamp on it. Ex-political prisoner.
Despite its small size and insignificance, this stamp actually has enormous implications for his life after becoming a “Bachelor”.
The regime at that time powerfully excluded him and his colleagues from the dignified and meaningful life. Formal work became an impossibility, social contact became scarce, and there was no escape from the supervision of state security forces on daily life.
Social Inclusion for Victims of Human Rights Violations
Initially, the social inclusion approach was felt as a foreign concept to those who are struggling with human rights issues. It turned out that this approach actually succeeded in providing hope and a better life for the survivors by seeing everyone as equal with the same rights as citizens.
Sanusi, is one of many Pandu Inklusi Nusantara (PINTAR) cadres who are actively working so that the same fate partners get the same access and public service facilities as the general public. As the coordinator of the Joint Secretariat ’65, he still regularly visits his colleagues to invite them to come for monthly meetings. Monthly meetings provide a place for victims to relieve fatigue and heal wounds by socializing and various activities.
“I invite the victims so that the trauma is gradually erased. There are those who are afraid when they meet soldiers, shocked when they hear the clattering of shoes. They are difficult to contact and do not want to be invited to meet. I convey the news and information on how the current situation has changed, so that they are more excited,” said Sanusi.
Access to health services is one of the most needed by victims given their old age. Limited choices and space due to stigma and discrimination also do not help their economic conditions and livelihoods. Just to check their health condition and get medical treatment is something that is luxurious for them.
“I ask what documents they have, KTP, and others to be sent to the National Commission of Human Rights [Komnas HAM]. Later Komnas HAM can provide a recommendation letter of victims of severe human rights violations,” said Sanusi. With Komnas HAM’s recommendation letter, victims can get a green book to access health services. “This green book is like a ‘toll road’ compared to BPJS. The victims can get free health services,” Sanusi said with enthusiasm.
Green book, maybe just an object that is a prerequisite and can help victims get treatment. But more than that, the green book is a manifestation of humanizing victims of human rights violations to be equal and equally dignified.
Sanusi claimed there was no resentment to pay off the feeling of being hurt for what happened to him in the past. Instead, he emphasized the intention of sincere reconciliation between victims and perpetrators of severe violations of human rights that had occurred. Reconciliation means that both parties make peace with one another, forgive each other, and are also committed to preventing similar incidents from happening again in the future.
“I want the public to know that the victims of 1965 are black sheep of the state. So they really were not wrong but blamed for not being proven to have committed crime or terror. Just because of having power, the authorities detained people as they wish. The 1965 event was a sacrifice of the people. They were sacrificed by the authorities at that time,” said Sanusi.
Sanusi is one of the organic cadres of Program Peduli called Pandu Inklusi Nusantara (PINTAR). In November 2018, Sanusi received an appreciation from Program Peduli at the PINTAR Appreciation Night event in Yogyakarta.