As of July 2019, there were around 4,700 people of the Anak Dalam tribe (SAD) community who had not recorded their data for electronic identity card (e-KTP).
Arief Munandar, Head of the Population and Civil Registry Office (Disdukcapil) of Jambi Province, said that this was a problem that the government still had to deal with at this time. Moreover, there were two types of SAD people who have not recorded e-KTP, which are those who have mingled with other people and those who are still nomadic.
Most of them live in oil palm plantations, forests, and other areas with dwellings in the form of wooden or bamboo buildings and tarpaulin roofs.
This year, the Ministry of Social Affairs provided assistance to 60 houses for SAD people which will be distributed to two locations, 37 houses in Sarolangun District and 23 houses in Merangin District. Unfortunately, even though houses have been built, the nomadic tradition is still carried on by some SAD people so that the government has difficulty in conducting data collection.
The Head of Disdukcapil Batanghari Ade Febriandi explained that according to the provisions, Remote Children Community (KAT), including SAD people, could get e-KTP if they had lived in an area for six months.
For this reason, his office conducted two stages of data recording in order to be able to provide population services to all SAD people. In the first phase, the department recorded data of SAD groups who have lived in an area for three months and provided them with a Community Identity Card (KTK).
Three months later, the agency recorded SAD people who were still living in the same area and recorded population data to give them e-KTPs after they submitted their domicile and recommendation letters from the local village.
Meanwhile, there were also SAD people who have settled down and tried to adjust to the rules for making population documents, but failed to get e-KTP because their photos could not be used so they had to re-record data at the local sub-district and Disdukcapil offices.
Unfortunately, some of them could not do the data re-recording because the distance of residence with the sub-district office and Disdukcapil was quite far, while they did not have a vehicle to get there.
For example, SAD people of Batin Sembilan who live in Batang Sungai Jebak, Bahar, Bulian, Selisak, Sekamis, Jangga, Burung Antu, Pemusiran, and Singoan areas. On average, they have to spend about three hours traveling by two-wheeled vehicles to get to the Capital City of Batanghari District and pass through roads that are mostly already damaged and holed.
Another problem that must be faced by the government related to providing e-KTP is that there are still SAD people who adhere to customary provisions regarding the prohibition of mentioning the names of parents in filling in the Family Card (KK) data and the prohibition for women to be photographed so that they cannot meet the requirements to obtain e-KTP.
As a result, there are still many SAD people who do not have e-KTPs. Whereas, in addition to being an identity card, e-KTP can also be used as an election requirement, health services through the BPJS or the Healthy Indonesia Card (KIS), the Smart Indonesia Card (KIP), the welfare rice program (rastra), and other government programs.
Regarding the benefits of e-KTP, the Minister of Home Affairs (Mendagri) Tjahjo Kumolo emphasized that e-KTP cannot be used as a multifunctional card for other fields because the procurement of program cards (KIS, KIP, etc.) is required so that there is no deviation in the intended program .
The spirit of the Government in Providing Adminduk Services for SAD people
Although there are many obstacles that must be faced, the e-KTP data collection and recording officers in 11 districts/cities throughout Jambi Province continue to make mutual efforts in providing population data services to SAD people.
This activity has been started since 3 April 2019 by involving all Dukcapil offices in Jambi Province and targeting as many as 17 thousand people of Sarolangun district, including 4 thousand SAD people who live in the forest area of Sarolangun and its surroundings.
Jambi Province Regional Secretary H.M. Dianto explained that the data collection was centered in Sarolangun District because the level of data collection in this region was relatively low when compared to 10 other districts/cities.
Furthermore, Sesditjen Dukcapil of Ministry of Home Affairs, I Gede Suratha stated that the mutual assistance efforts undertaken by Jambi Province Dukcapil were a progressive step from the government to maximize basic services to the people of Jambi. With the digitization system, the task of data recording and distribution of e-KTPs is expected to be carried out better so that it can reach all communities in various parts of Indonesia.
Now, 8 thousand of the 12 thousand SAD people in Jambi have been able to enjoy population administration services (e-KTP).